The great chicago fire of 1871 was one of the largest disasters in american history. The fire killed approximately 300 people, destroyed roughly 3. Discover the story of the great chicago fire of 1871, an inferno that forever changed the citys skyline, in this epic graphic novel. Catherine oleary, the irishwoman blamed for starting the. Born catherine donegan, she and her husband patrick oleary had three children, one of whom, james patrick oleary, ran a wellknown chicago saloon and gambling. Who wrote the song about the cow that started the great chicago fire. I did not know much about this but i didnt know it happened.
The fire began in a neighborhood southwest of the city center. See all the photos from joe cruzs emotional i dos see all the photos from joe cruzs emotional i dos this link is to an external site that may or may not meet. Fanned to ferocity the blazed scorched its way north and east. The great chicago fire began on the night of october 8, in or around a barn located on the property of patrick and catherine oleary at 7 dekoven street on the citys southwest side. However, the exact cause of the fire was never determined, though. Once you open up what might have happened, the possibilities are endless. The great chicago fire was a blaze lasting for two days from 8 october 1871. Oct 22, 2007 according the legend, the great chicago fire was started by a cow that belonged to an irishwoman named catherine oleary. Legend has it that a cow kicked over a lantern in a barn and started the fire, but other theories hold that. Did the great chicago fire really start after a cow kicked over a lantern in a barn. In 1921, ahern, in writing an anniversary story of the fire said that he and two other reporters, john english and jim haynie, concocted the explanation of the cow starting the fire, and admitted that he afterward learned that spontaneous combustion of hay in the oleary barn. The fire, despite its humble origins in a barn, was ferocious.
Olearys cow is merely the quintessential urban legend. Media event examines how the fire was reported in the contemporary press, popular images, and instant histories. Was the great chicago fire really started by a cow. Beginning on october 8, the notorious fire leveled four square miles of the city and left roughly one third of the population homeless. Its true the infamous fire started in the barn of catherine and patrick oleary on sunday night, october 8th, 1871. Ten things about the great chicago fire interesting chicago. According to legend, the great chicago fire was started when a cow. The great chicago fire of 1871 essay 1465 words bartleby.
What animal started the great chicago fire answers. Olearys cow is above all others the one fact that almost everyone near and far recalls about the great chicago fire. The 1996 book the great fire by jim murphy tells the story of the fire for. Oct 26, 2015 it killed hundreds of people, left more than 100,000 homeless nearly one third of chicagos residents at the time, destroyed roughly 17,000 buildings, and caused a couple hundred million of. Popular legend has long held that a cow being milked by mrs.
The part that i was shocked by was when the fire started the wind. Note fire prevention week is always celebrated the first full week in october. The story of the cow and the lantern circulated quickly and widely and took hold in the public imagination and the history books. On sunday, october 8, 1871, a fire started on the south side of chicago. It burned until tuesday october 10, 1871 when rain started to fall. The great chicago fire, 1871 a picture from the past art. The cow was not to blame part of the reason this rumor has endured for so many years is that it adds a bit of levity to the situation. It destroyed over 17,000 buildings, left 100,000 homeless and killed between 200 and 300 people. The great chicago fire of 1871 1752 words bartleby. As the fire spread, people ran out of their homes, taking with them whatever they could grab. Kenny chmielewski the fire, the most famous in american history, claimed about 300 lives, destroyed some 17,450 buildings covering almost 3. Fiction and nonfiction about the great chicago fire of 1871 score a books total score is based on multiple factors, including the number of people who have voted for it and how highly those voters ranked the book.
The great chicago fire was a conflagration that burned in the american city of chicago during october 810, 1871. They lived at 7 dekoven street on chicago s west side. Cohns story, which included a boastful remark that he was winning when the fire ended the game, did not emerge until after his death in 1942. Folklore of the time said the fire was started in the barn of mrs. Throughout history, the fire has been attributed to mrs. We will be able to record suspects of the start of the fire spread of the fire so that we can recognize important factors of the spread of the chicago fire. The great chicago fire of 1871 university of illinois. Olearys famous cow which was credited with kicking over a lamp in a barn and starting the fire, died here tonight. October 810, 1871 in october 1871, chicago was the fourth largest city in the united states with over 334,000 residents. The great chicago fire of 1871 chicagos population had exploded from about 4,000 people when it gained its first city charter in 1837, to 30,000 in 1850, then to an astounding 330,000 by 1871. The damage was so profound that few people believed the city could ever rise again. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading the great chicago fire and the myth of mrs.
Its sung everywhere from summer camps to soccer games. Mar 11, 2019 michael ahern, last surviving reporter of the famous chicago fire of 1871, and who denied the authenticity of the story of mrs. Mar 25, 2017 after returning from her last tour of duty for the marine corps, courtney voight decided to return to her home town of chicago illinois. From the great fire, why did newspapers blame the chicago. After reading books on the citys history and hearing people talk about the great chicago fire, he started to think about how much it seemed to shape the way that our city is. That week was chosen because it is the week in which the great chicago fire took place. You can find excerpts from the hearings, especially key witnesses like catherine oleary, in many places. It all began one sunday evening when a small fire broke out inside the olearys barn. Who wrote the song about the cow that started the great. The location where the fire began is now home to the chicago fire academy. He noted that the entire oleary household proved to be asleep at the time the fire started. The great chicago fire was a tragedy and blessing for the city.
She is working with her uncle hank voight and childhood friendcousin erin lindsay for the cpd intelligence unit. Different myths explaining the source of the fire have been described. This bundle contains 11 readytouse great chicago fire worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about the great chicago fire which occurred on october 8, 1871. The immigrant and her cow did not burn the city down but brian wilson was convinced they had a. She ran a neighborhood milk business from the barn behind her home and carelessly leaving a kerosene lantern in the barn after her evening milking, a cow kicked over it over and ignited the hay on the floor. The great chicago fire was a large fire that started on sunday october 8, 1871 in chicago, illinois, united states.
Orland park history museum explores the great chicago fire. The great chicago fire was one of the worst fires ever. For 125 years, children have been singing different versions of this rhyme. Lessons from the chicago fire foundation for economic education. Youre also going to learn some interesting tidbits about the benefit of the great chicago fire to the city of chicago. The exact death toll attributable to the fire is not known. Olearys cow kicked over a lantern, setting nearby hay on fire. The great fire of 1871 was one of the most colossal disasters in american history. And when the cow kicked it over she winked her eye and said, therell be a hot time in the old town tonight. The blaze burned homes and shops and left 300 people dead and 500,000 people homeless. They also have drills to practice what to do in case of fire.
Louis as the fourthlargest city in america and sat poised to become a major player on the international scene. Olearys cow appeared soon after colossal fire that consumed much of chicago. Before the fire there was a large drought causing everything to be dry and flammable, then a fire broke out in the olearys barn and spread. And later when the cow kicked it over, she winked her eye and said there will be a hot time in the old town, tonight. Though the fire did start in or near the oleary barn, the story about the cow was completely fabricated. Bales, writing in the great chicago fire and the myth of olearys cow, contends as some others did in 1871 and in later years that an oleary neighbor named daniel sullivan accidentally sparked the blaze. Start by marking the great chicago fire as want to read. That legend grew quickly and is still shared today, even though michael ahern, the reporter who wrote the story, admitted in 1893 that he had made up the story simply to sell more newspapers. Catherine oleary lived in chicago, illinois at the time of the great chicago fire of 1871. In 1894, the year before catherine died, her physician did what shed always. What was the name of the cow that started the chicago fire. Michael ahern, last surviving reporter of the famous chicago fire of 1871, and who denied the authenticity of the story of mrs. The story of the great chicago fire and the great recovery. The story has even been the subject of a childrens song.
Im fascinated with the history of the city, he says. Cow png timothy mcveigh tier zoo farm animals cute animals cow appreciation day life size cardboard cutouts cow gifts cow decor. From october 810, 1871, the great chicago fire burned out of control, quickly spreading far and wide across the city. The great chicago fire was a major milestone in the citys history. Cohn, a wealthy importer in chicago, claimed that when he was 18, he was gambling with one of the oleary boys in the barn when they accidentally knocked over a lantern. The great chicago fire see before an after the fire illustrations of chicago. Dramatic illustrations and fastpaced text provide a youarethere experience. Here are five things you probably didnt know about the great chicago fire that.
The great chicago fire of 1871 living history of illinois. Catherine oleary kicked over a kerosene lantern, igniting a barn fire that spread into the great chicago fire. It was a devastating disaster which happened in chicago, illinois, destroying peace and silence in the community. Jul 28, 2014 in this episode, youre going to learn whether or not a cow really had anything to do with the cause of the great chicago fire. Before the fire there was a large drought causing everything to be dry and flammable, then a fire broke out in the olearys barn and spread throughout the city. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. The story of the great chicago fire and its great recovery. This song is a parody of the old minstrel song therell be a hot time in the old town tonight. October 8, 1871 and burned through the morning of october 10, 1871.
On the droughtstricken evening that the fire started, a 30mileperhour wind was blowing from the southwest. But the fire certainly did start in the vicinity of a barn owned by the olearys. In 1871, the most famous fire in american history swept across chicago and destroyed much of the city. Overnight, the flourishing city of chicago was transformed into a smoldering wasteland. The great chicago fire and other big blazes led to changes that help keep you safe.
Catherine oleary, the irishwoman blamed for starting the great chicago fire irish connections. The chicago fire of 1871, also called the great chicago fire, burned from october 8 to october 10. And practically everything that could go wrong did. We dig into the songs contested origins, and how it became such a hit. The true cause of the great chicago fire of 1871 is not known. It was believed for many years that the fire which has come to be known as the great chicago fire started when mrs. A cow sound can be heard at the start of gameplay, alluding to mrs.
According the legend, the great chicago fire was started by a cow that belonged to an irishwoman named catherine oleary. March 1827 3 july 1895 was an irish immigrant living in chicago, illinois who became famous when it was alleged that an accident involving her cow had started the great chicago fire of 1871. It was a good book because there was a lot of action in the book so it amazed me that how many people had to take shelter for that long and stay away from it. Catherine olearys cow kicked over a lantern, touching off the great chicago fire. But poor scapegoated kate was not milking a cow at the time, as was later popularized by the. Legend has it that a cow kicked over a lantern in the oleary barn and started the fire, but other theories hold that humans or even a comet may have been responsible for the event that left. In its wake, the great chicago fire destroyed an area about four miles long and averaged three quarter mile wide. In any case, the more intriguing issue is not the unresolvable one of whether the oleary legend has any truth to it, but why it has attracted so much continuing interest and why to the present day the story of mrs. The great chicago fire wasnt started by a cow today i found out. The fire destroyed over 17,000 buildings and left over 100,000 people. There is a major league soccer team called the chicago fire. Great chicago fire simple english wikipedia, the free. A long drought made the neighborhood go up in flames. While you may hear the legend that the fire was started when a cow kicked over a kerosene lamp, theres little evidence that this is the.
Back in 1871, even the sidewalks in chicago were wooden. Edited transcripts are in the great chicago fire and the myth of mrs. Oct 04, 2012 what or who caused the great chicago fire. The fire finally abated as the winds from the frontal system diminished and a light drizzle began falling late that monday night. The farm animal was accused of kicking over a lantern and starting the great chicago fire on oct. The great chicago fire was one of the biggest fires in the world and it was crazy how that many people had to survive it. Chicago fire of 1871 infographic showing notable details of the great chicago fire. People never saw this fire coming which might have made it even worse. Oct 07, 2014 the fire spread fast due to high and shifting winds. First phase of the great rebuilding the rebuilding of chicago started. In 1956, the chicago fire academy was built on the site where mr. The great chicago fire of 1871 swallowed up more than three square miles in two days, leaving thousands homeless and 300 dead.
Second, the chicago fire relief effort challenges those who contend that private charity is insufficient to cope with disasters and that strong government action is necessary. Get an answer for from the great fire, why did newspapers blame the chicago fire on the olearys. Around 9 pm on sunday, october 8, 1871, a fire started in a barn in the alley behind 7 dekoven street in chicago. Legend has it that the great chicago fire started with mrs. Its original building was a water tank on lasalle street that had survived the fire. Orland park, il chicago historian william pack, author of the essential great chicago fire, presents stories, stats, theories and more.
The fire started on october 8th, 1871 and did not end until october 10th, 1871. For nearly one and a half centuries, the cause of the most notorious fire in u. By some accounts, as many as 300 people died in the great chicago fire. Over 60,000 buildings 90% made of wood were squeezed into the city limits, along with hundreds of miles of wooden streets and sidewalks. The chicago fire of 1871, also called the great chicago fire, burned from october 8 to october 10, 1871, and destroyed thousands of buildings, killed an. The most popular one is that a cow knocked over a lantern lamp and caused the havoc. In all of history, no cow is more infamous than mrs. Oct 06, 2015 of course theres a bit more to the great chicago fire than a clumsy cow, and mrs. In 1997, the chicago city council passed a resolution exonerating catherineand her cow from all blame. On october 8, 1871, a huge fire started near chicago s downtown area and burned four square miles to the ground before it was extinguished. The web of memory the subject of the eyewitnesses chapter is the written accounts, drawings, and paintings by those who experienced the fire firsthand. Olearys cow kindle edition by bales, richard f download it once and read it on your kindle device, pc, phones or tablets.
Eventually, rains came to help put out the fire, but the devastation was massive. A popular story often told about how of the great chicago fire started is that a cow owned by kate oleary kicked a lit lantern over and that started the flames. A reporter named michael ahern said that he made up the story about the olearys cow kicking over the lantern because he thought it made an interesting story. Shortly after the fire began, a chicago republican newspaper story suggested the fire was started when mrs. It killed hundreds of people, left more than 100,000 homeless nearly one third of chicago s residents at the time, destroyed roughly 17,000. In 1997, the chicago city council passed a resolution exonerating catherineand her cowfrom all blame. And did you know it was inspired by the great chicago fire of 1871. Some researchers suggest that a disintegrating comet ignited the blaze.
Legend has it that on the evening of october 7, 1871, mrs. Asked in great chicago fire why did chicago fire of. Find out the truth in this addition to the what was. Practically overnight the great city of chicago was destroyed.207 716 378 322 1424 835 190 519 654 407 326 204 427 1303 1233 335 1382 712 10 1484 1294 1359 1209 63 783 1124 1287 99 1472 1077 1473 73 1315 121 182 321 1488 181 1197 709 78 1323 410